- Percutaneous Drainage (Cystostomy, Nephrostomy and Cholecystostomy Tubes)
- Percutaneous Tumor Ablation: Radiofrequency Ablation, Alcohol Ablation
- Vascular Foreign Body Retrieval
Percutaneous tumor ablation techniques (radiofrequency ablation as well as microwave ablation, laser thermal ablation, cryoablation, and percutaneous ethanol injection) are being performed commonly in human medicine and have been described in veterinary patients. These procedures are typically performed under ultrasound or CT guidance and will likely play a growing role in local tumor therapies as advanced imaging techniques identify smaller lesions earlier in veterinary patients.
Image-guided removal of vascular foreign bodies (catheter-fragments, etc.) can be performed relatively rapidly and minimally-invasively using IR techniques in order to avoid more aggressive surgical techniques or the risk associated with leaving these foreign materials in vivo. Similar to the human experience, the increased use of vascular access and implantable devices in veterinary patients will likely result in an increased frequency of dislodged or migrated vascular foreign bodies encountered and diagnosed by veterinarians.