Internal Medicine

Our specialists in Internal Medicine are certified by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Areas of this specialty service include:


Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine system, consisting of the thyroid gland, the adrenal glands, the pancreas, and the hypothalamus and pituitary gland (hormone-secreting regions of the brain). Common endocrine diseases that are diagnosed and managed by our internists include diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, hyper and hypoparathyroidism, hyper and hypothyroidism, hyperadrenocorticism (Cushing’s disease), and hypoadrenocorticism (Addison’s disease).


Gastroenterology is the study of the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gall bladder and pancreas. Our internal medicine specialists utilize small, flexible scopes to perform esophagoscopy, gastroduodenoscopy, and colonoscopy. These procedures are a minimally invasive means to visualize the gastrointestinal tract and obtain biopsies. This can aid in the diagnosis of conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, food allergies, gastrointestinal ulcers, or cancer. Additionally, these scopes are occasionally used to retrieve foreign bodies in the esophagus or stomach.


Hematology is the study of disorders of the blood system. Many of these disorders result in anemia, or a lack of red blood cells in the body. Anemia can be caused by many factors and disease states, but in general terms it is caused by either blood loss, auto destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis) or lack of bone production by the bone marrow. Other diseases of the blood system include increased red blood cell production (erthrocytosis) or diseases of the clotting mechanism such as a lack of platelets (thrombocytopenia). At the Animal Medical Center we have the capability of properly diagnosing all of the hematologic disorders of dogs, cats and exotic animals and due to our extensive bank of blood and blood products, are also able to provide all the care your pet will need.

Immune Mediated Disease

The role of the immune system is to fight off disease caused by foreign pathogens such as bacteria, viruses and parasites. Immune mediated (or auto-immune) disease occurs when the weapons of the immune system start working against the cells and tissues of your pet instead. This can result in a myriad of clinical syndromes including diseases of the joints, skin, brain, kidneys, blood and more. At the Animal Medical Center our goal is to definitively diagnose the cause of the auto-immune disorder and then prescribe the most targeted therapy to heal the immune system.

Infectious Disease

Dogs, cats and exotic species suffer from an ever expanding list of infectious diseases. Some are unique to each species and some are common to many, including man (zoonotic disease). Using the most advanced testing available, we are able to definitively diagnose the cause of infectious diseases in pets and to then prescribe the most effective therapies to eradicate them.


Nephrology is the study of the kidneys. Our internists specialize in the diagnosis and management of both acute and chronic kidney disease. Hemodialysis and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) are available for use in appropriate patients. Urology is the study of the lower urinary tract, which is comprised of the bladder and urethra. Ultrasound and cystoscopy (using a scope to visualize the lower urinary tract) are commonly performed diagnostic tests utilized to diagnose common urologic disorders. Some typical disorders are bladder stones, feline lower urinary tract disease, polyps, tumors, or ectopic ureters.

Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive medicine is the medical aspect of treating dogs, cats and exotic species that are intact and likely to reproduce. This includes disorders of the heat cycles of intact females, disorders of pregnancy, birth and lactation. We are equipped to provide the ultimate care for breeding animals and their offspring.

Respiratory Medicine

Respiratory medicine is the study of the upper respiratory tract (including the nose, nasopharynx, larynx and trachea), and the lower respiratory tract (including the bronchi and lower airways). Our internists often utilize radiographs and advanced imaging, including a CAT scan or MRI and rhinoscopy (using a scope), to visualize the nasal cavity, and sometimes obtain biopsies. We can also use a bronchoscope to assess the structure and function of the larynx, the trachea, and the lower airways. This can be useful in the diagnosis of common conditions such as collapsing trachea and laryngeal paralysis. Procedures such as an endotracheal wash or a bronchoalveolar lavage can be performed to examine cells from the lower airways, and can be useful in the diagnosis of conditions such as canine chronic bronchitis, feline asthma, and pneumonia in both species.